Biomes are certain areas that preset unique characteristics including elevation, plants, animals and terrain. They make up a Minecraft world and were introduced in the Halloween Update.

Biome Main Land Cover Unique Features Unique Structures
Ocean Water Ocean Monument
Nether Netherrack Netherrack, Soul Sand, Glowstone, Nether Brick, Zombie Pigmen, Ghasts, Wither Skeletons, Blazes, Magma Cubes Nether Fortress
End End Stone Ender Dragon, End Stone End Pillars
Plains Grass Plains Villages Plains Villages
Forest Grass Birch trees Birch trees
Cold Taiga/Tundra Snow Spruce trees Spruce trees
Desert Sand Dead Bushes, Desert Villages Desert Villages, Desert Temples
Jungle Grass Ferns, Jungle trees, Ocelots Jungle trees, Jungle Temples
Swamp Grass, Sand Witch Huts*, Witches Witch Huts*
Savanna Grass Acacia trees Acacia trees
Mushroom Mycelium Mycelium, Mooshrooms, Huge Mushrooms Huge Mushrooms
Mega Taiga Grass, Podzol, Grassless Dirt 2x2 Spruce Trees, Spruce Trees Spruce Trees
Mesa Hardened Clay, Stained Clay Hardened Clay/Stained Clay Hills
Roofed Forest Grass Huge Mushrooms, Oak/Spruce Trees Oak/Spruce Trees
Birch Forest Grass Birch Trees
Flower Forest Grass Flowers Flowers (excluding Sunflower, Azure Bluet, Oxeye Daisy, Poppy, Dandelion)
Deep Ocean Water Gravel Ocean Monument
Extreme Hills+ Grass, Stone